How Do I Reason From Premises?
Deduct is from the Latin deducere to lead away.In deductive reasoning we infer or lead away from a general principle in order to apply that principle to a specific instance .
The Basic Vocabulary Of Logic
- Argument : is a set of claims in the form of reasoning offered to support a conclusion
- Reasoning; is to draw conclusions ,judgments or inferences from facts or premises .
- Syllogism : is a standardized form that makes the structure of a deductive argument visible
- Premises : are the claims made in an argument that provide the reasons for believing in the conclusion
- Validity :The standard used for testing reliability are based on some specific rules that determine an argument's validity and soundness.
- Soundness : Standarts for judging argument refer not only to correct reasoning but also to the truth of the premises.
Standardized Forms In Syllogisms
Syllogisms have been discussed as a standardized form that makes the structure of a deductive visible .A syllogism presents claims concerning a relationship between the terms given in the premises and those in the conclusion .
What Syllogisms Do
- To clarify the claims of the premises ;
- To discover and expose any hidden premises ;
- To find out if one thought follows logically from another .
The Interplay Of Inductive And Deductive Reasoning
Inductive and deductive thinking are not isolated modes .They interweave in our minds constantly
throughout the day as we confront both serious problems such as environmental degradation and mundane ones such as daily transportation .